Archive for the ‘Electronic Components’ Category:

2019-01-15 Zenith Royal 200 Conversion to Silicon

My Zenith Royal 200 conversion to silicon transistors is going slowly. Right now I’m working on getting a good sine wave out of the local oscillator (see photo). The waveform had high frequency parasitic ringing every other cycle. I put a 100 ohm resistor in series with the collector lead and it helped some. I

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2020-01-10 Corrosion and Damage On Diode Leads

This photo is a detector diode that was broken during replacing the electrolytic capacitors.  The lead on the top was twisted, apparently putting stress on the glass package.  I replaced it with a 1N270 germanium diode. comment from fb group Vintage Transistor Radios Did you notice that the leads are magnetic? They stick to the

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2020-01-08 Sorting Transistors Compared to Picking Fruit

I started thinking about how the makers of transistors sort the different grades of transistors as they’re manufactured. I thought that a reasonable analogy would be similar to how a farmer might sort the fruit he harvests. Here’s what I came up with.The farmer starts with the fruit his workers have gathered.  The fruit is

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2018-09-07 Q of an Inductor

from FB group Building Transistor Radios, 2018-09-07 Tom Miller Say a capacitor or inductor has a Q of 100. The losses are about 1/100 of the energy in the component. In a tuned circuit the capacitor Q is usually much higher than this – it has lower losses, so the more important is the Q

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2018-08-24 2N3904 & 2N3906 for Output Transistors

From FB group Building Transistor Radios 2018-08-24 – The discussion was about the OTL complementary symmetry audio amplifier that Mr. Barnett has posted several times to the group, which uses a 2N3904 and 2N3906. Willie Barnett Let’s talk about current. Suppose your amp has a 9V supply. When the output transistor is turned fully on,

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2018-08-20 2N3904s From Mouser And Ebay

from FB group Building Transistor Radios 2018-08-22 Olek Kopyto I recently did some tests on 2N3904s I got from Mouser and from a Chinese eBay seller. The ones from Mouser had a current gain of right around 200, right in the middle of the 100 to 300 gain range according to the data sheet. The

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2018-07-30 How Are LED Lights Made Dimmable?

From FB comment to Bill Sherman’s candelabra lamps. Bill Sherman Sometimes I wonder what is meant by dimmable. If a LED light uses hundreds of microfarads for the DC filter capacitor, then when the light is dimmed, the long time constant causes it to flash on and off when it is dimmed. So if the

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2018-08-29 High Temperature And Nylon Screws

From FB group Hobby Electronics, 2018-09-01 I faced this dilemma before. I’ve repaired power supplies where the transistor failed because it was not held tightly to the heat sink because of a nylon screw that got hot. I used a steel screw and a fiber washer, and heat shrink tubing over the threads to insulate.

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2018-07-26 Transistors, ECG, Motorola HEP Line, etc.

From FB group Building Transistor Radios Wayne Leake Yeah, the 2N3904 is E B C, THE ‘945 is E C B. Watch out the leads don’t touch and short. 😝 I have the Moto HEP catalogs, if you need to find out what it’s equivalent to. When National Semiconductor came out with their catalogs they

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2018-07-20 My Digital Dice Were Loaded!

From FB group Building Transistor Radios, Jul 27 Rolando Fernández I bought a kit for a digital die (one die of a pair of dice). I assembled it and then I rolled the die many times and wrote down the values to see if it was random. I was shocked! It was loaded! It was

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